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Branches Of The U.S. Government

Question 1:

What are the three branches of the U.S. Government?

Answer 1:

The Legislative, Executive, and Judicial

Question 2:

What is the role of the legislative branch?

Answer 2:

The legislative branch enacts legislation, confirms or rejects presidential appointments, and has the authority to declare war.

Question 3:

What are the two legislative bodies of Congress?

Answer 3:

The House of Representatives and the Senate.

Question 4:

How many U.S. Senators are in Congress, and how long is a Senate term?

Answer 4:

There are 100 senators (two from each state) and a senate term is six years.

Question 5:

How many members of the House of Representatives are in Congress, and how long is a house term?

Answer 5:

There are 435 members of the House (at least one from each state) and a House term is two years.

Question 6:

What determines the number of Representatives from each state?

Answer 6:

Members of the House represent state districts, and the number of districts in each state is determined by a state's population.

Question 7:

What is the role of the Executive Branch?

Answer 7:

The Executive Branch carries out and enforces laws. It includes the President, Vice President, and The Cabinet.

Question 8:

Which officeholder acts as the commander-in-chief of The United States Armed Forces?

Answer 8:

The President Of The United States

Question 9:

What governing body approves cabinet members and Supreme Court Justices? How many votes are required for approval?

Answer 9:

The Senate with 51 votes.

Question 10:

What is the role of the Judicial Branch?

Answer 10:

The Judicial Branch interprets the meaning of laws, applies laws to individual cases, and decides if laws violate the Constitution.

Question 11:

What is the term length of Supreme Court Justices?

Answer 11:

There is no fixed term for justices. They serve until their death, retirement, or removal in exceptional circumstances.

Question 12:

According to current U.S. law, how many justices are to serve on the Supreme Court?

Answer 12:

Nine - one Chief Justice and eight associate justices.

Question 13:

How many Supreme Court Justices are needed to decide a case, and what is this minimum called?

Answer 13:

Six justices constitute a "quorum" — the minimum needed to decide a case.