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Branches Of The U.S. Government
What are the three branches of the U.S. Government?
The Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
What is the role of the legislative branch?
The legislative branch enacts legislation, confirms or rejects presidential appointments, and has the authority to declare war.
What are the two legislative bodies of Congress?
The House of Representatives and the Senate.
How many U.S. Senators are in Congress, and how long is a Senate term?
There are 100 senators (two from each state) and a senate term is six years.
How many members of the House of Representatives are in Congress, and how long is a house term?
There are 435 members of the House (at least one from each state) and a House term is two years.
What determines the number of Representatives from each state?
Members of the House represent state districts, and the number of districts in each state is determined by a state's population.
What is the role of the Executive Branch?
The Executive Branch carries out and enforces laws. It includes the President, Vice President, and The Cabinet.
Which officeholder acts as the commander-in-chief of The United States Armed Forces?
The President Of The United States
What governing body approves cabinet members and Supreme Court Justices? How many votes are required for approval?
The Senate with 51 votes.
What is the role of the Judicial Branch?
The Judicial Branch interprets the meaning of laws, applies laws to individual cases, and decides if laws violate the Constitution.
What is the term length of Supreme Court Justices?
There is no fixed term for justices. They serve until their death, retirement, or removal in exceptional circumstances.
According to current U.S. law, how many justices are to serve on the Supreme Court?
Nine - one Chief Justice and eight associate justices.
How many Supreme Court Justices are needed to decide a case, and what is this minimum called?
Six justices constitute a "quorum" — the minimum needed to decide a case.